South Carolina turkey season proposal


In a recent article, I speculated that the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources would propose to the state Legislature a statewide opening date of April 1 for the wild turkey season. Actually, it's worse than I thought.

Prior to 2015, the turkey season in 12 Lowcountry counties began on March 15 and ended on May 1. The rest of the state opened April 1 and ended May 1. This split season recognized seasonal differences between the Lowcountry and the Upstate and was in place for 40 years.

Act 41 was passed by the General Assembly in 2015. It temporarily set the wild turkey hunting season from March 20 to May 5 statewide in an effort to standardize regulations. It also reduced the bag limit from five gobblers to three. The act required SCDNR to conduct research and issue recommendations for seasons and bag limits after three years. A subsequent act extended Act 41 an additional year.

SCDNR has proposed to the state Legislature a new statewide opening date of April 10 for the wild turkey season, with the season extending to May 15. The proposal is outlined in a SCDNR report dated Nov. 1, 2018.

The report, mandated by the Legislature, is 28 pages long and is filled with technical language, graphs and charts. Hunter harvest surveys, summer production surveys and a gobbling chronology and nesting study are cited. It makes many debatable conclusions based on nothing more than supposition.

The DNR report has placed blame on the Act 41 season adjustments for causing an increased harvest in a slightly decreasing turkey population. The report goes on to cite early season harvest of dominant gobblers and hunting-related activities as other limiting factors. Things that didn't seem to be a factor in the 40 years prior to Act 41.

The department's report also states that causes in wild turkey declines may include changes in habitat, forestry practices and predation, but the only factor that can be managed is hunter harvest activities. So, the only result is a reduced hunting opportunity?

The report states that an April 10 opening date is an average of 15 Southeastern states but doesn't name those states. The internet only recognizes 12 Southeastern states to include Kentucky, Tennessee and Arkansas. Kentucky borders the Ohio River, Tennessee extends beyond the Appalachian Mountains, and Arkansas is west of the Mississippi River and is in another time zone. Not good comparisons.

I know that Alabama has a March 15 opening with a five-bird limit, so I went online to look at some other Southern states. Georgia opens turkey season March 23 and ends May 15. That's more than 50 days. Florida has split seasons that open March 2 and 16. Mississippi opens March 15. Texas opens March 17. I wonder what other states helped to make up the average.

So, why do I have a problem with an April 10 opening date and a May 15 ending for the South Carolina turkey season? Tradition, yes, that's a factor. I've only been hunting turkeys for 25 years, but a March opening has been a tradition for me and many others. The weather is cool, bugs and snakes aren't out, and the woods aren't yet cloaked in green. Nobody wants to hunt later into May.

Hunters don't care about gobbling frequency or how many days it takes to get a gobbler. We care about the experience and ample opportunity. Don't take that from us; we're the ones that support conservation and put dollars in the mix for wildlife. I think that the DNR wants to protect the resource, but at what cost to the hunters of our state? There could be a better balance.

I will offer the following. Keep the current season structure that was passed by Act 41. If a greater reduction in harvest is desired, then limit the daily harvest to one. Limit the county harvest to one, and limit the WMA harvest per unit to one, with a total season limit of three.

Unlike the deer limit bill, the proposed turkey season changes have seen no public scrutiny. There have been no public meetings, nor meaningful input from hunters, land managers and outfitters. Hunters will not support this proposal as offered, and the DNR knows it.

The Lowcountry will be the biggest loser in this change. It is a destination; hunters travel there to see the region and get an early start on the turkey season. They spend money on gas, food, licenses and are an economic factor in the region. If this proposal becomes law, they will go somewhere else.

There's one final thing that bothers me more than anything else. A biologist at the DNR told me in a telephone conversation four years ago that the department would recommend a statewide April opening date for turkeys. I knew then that there would be no objectivity in their decision. It seems to me that they had already made up their minds before Act 41 was passed into law, before three years of stabilized regulations and before any surveys and studies were done.

The sportsmen of South Carolina deserve better than that.

Reach Dan Geddings at